Leptospirosis is a zooantroponoznyh natural focal infection home, fishing, many species of wild animals and humans.
Leptospirosis sick of large horned cattle, pigs, horses, sheep, goats, deer, dogs, foxes, Arctic foxes and animals of other species. The pathogen Leptospira are released from the body of the sick animal and infect microporosity water, feed, pastures, soil, litter, and other environmental media through which healthy animals become infected. Among these factors of transmission water way is the main. Animals become infected by drinking place, eating the corpses of rodents or feed by infected urine of these rodents. Perhaps intrauterine infection in cattle, sheep and pigs. Proved the possibility of transmission through sexual contact.
Sources and reservoirs of pathogenic leptospires are both agricultural and wild animals. They excrete the pathogen into the environment in different ways: urine, feces, milk, semen, through the lungs, with expirations from the genitals.
Leptospira penetrate into the human or animal body via damaged skin (scratches, cuts, wounds, bites),nasal and oral mucous membranes, eyes, genital tract and through the digestive tract. The disease occurs at any time of the year. Continue reading
With the beginning of spring, the owners of pet dogs and cats covers a real medical fever – it’s time to do preventive vaccinations to animals from dangerous diseases. In the spring, with snow melt and warming in the environment increases the concentration of many pathogens, and the risk of catching four-legged friend some sort of serious infection increases dramatically. The best way to protect your pet from disease – vaccination or revaccination (when talking about re-vaccination). Smolensk veterinarians recommend vaccinating puppies, kittens and adult animals regardless of whether they go outside, socialize with other animals or not. Dangerous virus home Murka can pick up even not leaving the apartment – the infection can bring from the street and her owner. The fact that not all viral diseases of animals are transmitted through direct contact. Most of them are dangerous to dogs and cats, easy to put into the house on clothing and shoes, accidentally stepping on the dung of a diseased animal or touching him on the street. Prophylactic vaccination is necessary in order to create an animal specific immunity against viral, bacterial and fungal infections.
To mostdangerous and common infectious diseases of dogs are distemper, parvovirus enteritis and infectious hepatitis. For cats is very dangerous cats panleukopenia (cat plague), viral rhinotracheitis, kaltsivirusnaya infection. The danger lies in the fact that these diseases cause viruses, seeking to hit the whole body and paralyze all the vital functions. Continue reading
According to statistics, there are more Pets than 65% of people. This is because a pet can become a truly loyal and good friend to his master. Of course, people choosing a pet is focused on your character, taste, and territorial financial capacity. As representatives of elite breeds are sometimes a few hundred dollars, and you may have to take out a loan online . to buy such a pet in the house. Of course, if you live in a house and you have a yard, you have more opportunities than those who live in the apartment. Today we will consider the most appropriate animals to stay in the apartment.
According to various statistical studies, residents often get their cats. Cats are very gentle and graceful animals, they can have devotion and great love to his master. And about the healing and soothing properties of cats is legendary, Oh gentle purring and lying on the diseased place from the owner.
Yet the undeniable advantages of these amazing animals is their simplicity and relative ease of care. Many rumbling lumps may well live their entire lives in the apartment, without going outside, doing tray and the space of the apartment. Continue reading