Guinea pig is a furry rodent that comes from the Andes mountains in South America. Earlier ancestors of these animals were used as food by local native American tribes. Modern Guinea pig is considered a subspecies of the Andes Guinea pig and therefore cannot be found in the wild. Guinea pig is a small, furry herbivore that rarely grows more than 30 cm in length. In the conditions of detention in captivity Guinea pigs can live to around 6 or 7 years. Wild Guinea pigs, probably lived about 3 or 4 years. All over the world Guinea pigs are bred as Pets.
Well if uhajivat for a Guinea pig and give it the right amount of time and energy, this animal can be a real faithful friend of man. They require a lot of effort and they are not easy to take care of, but these Pets is worth the effort. Guinea pigs communicate with each other with high shrill sounds and bleeps. These animals have one common feature – they are not able to accurately estimate height and distance, and consequently, you should never leave them on a bed or table without supervision. Guinea pigs, as scientists believe, have been domesticated and used by South American tribes as a food source for already 5 thousand years BC. Guinea pigs are also often izobrazheniyu of art, the way zapechatlen in statues created during the ancient civilizations of Peru.
In some tribes, the Guinea pig was considered a supernatural animal and therefore often used for the treatment of patients. After the Spanish conquest of South America in the 1500s, it underwent breeding Guinea pigs that led to the emergence of different types of Guinea pigs, which mi see today. Domestic Guinea pigs do not like to live alone. They need the company of at least one other Guinea pig. These funny rodents are very sociable animals.
Guinea pigs are also very used to its territory, and pet owners often may notice that the Guinea pig is behaving strangely after her cage was cleaned. Usually Guinea pigs will urinate and move your body on the floor of their newly cleaned cage to mark its territory. Wild Guinea pigs usually eat grass and small plants, as the main part of their diet. Constantly growing teeth of Guinea pigs are well-suited to such a diet. Wild Guinea pigs tend to also Supplement their diet by eating their own feces, soft granules that are specifically produced by the organism of a Guinea pig, so she can digest it contained vital nutrients.
Diet home Guinea pigs primarily consists of the dried food pellets and hay (dried grasses). Guinea pig likes to eat the litter if it consists of soft hay. Homemade Guinea pigs tend to have different infectious diseases transmitted from other domestic and wild animals. Therefore, the owner sunki should carefully monitor changes in its condition and if necessary to show the animal veterinarian.