It’s time to vaccinate the pet
With the beginning of spring, the owners of pet dogs and cats covers a real medical fever – it’s time to do preventive vaccinations to animals from dangerous diseases. In the spring, with snow melt and warming in the environment increases the concentration of many pathogens, and the risk of catching four-legged friend some sort of serious infection increases dramatically. The best way to protect your pet from disease – vaccination or revaccination (when talking about re-vaccination). Smolensk veterinarians recommend vaccinating puppies, kittens and adult animals regardless of whether they go outside, socialize with other animals or not. Dangerous virus home Murka can pick up even not leaving the apartment – the infection can bring from the street and her owner. The fact that not all viral diseases of animals are transmitted through direct contact. Most of them are dangerous to dogs and cats, easy to put into the house on clothing and shoes, accidentally stepping on the dung of a diseased animal or touching him on the street. Prophylactic vaccination is necessary in order to create an animal specific immunity against viral, bacterial and fungal infections.
To mostdangerous and common infectious diseases of dogs are distemper, parvovirus enteritis and infectious hepatitis. For cats is very dangerous cats panleukopenia (cat plague), viral rhinotracheitis, kaltsivirusnaya infection. The danger lies in the fact that these diseases cause viruses, seeking to hit the whole body and paralyze all the vital functions.
The animal suffers, suffers and often dies. In addition, there are diseases, dangerous not only for animals but also for humans. The most dangerous of them is the rabies, distemper and leptospirosis. So to the advice of experts is sure to instill home enable and Polkanov worth listening to. Infectious diseases are easier to prevent than to cure, in the hands of the doctors today have excellent opportunities. The pharmaceutical industry has created a vaccine against all deadly diseases of domestic animals. Today in the Arsenal of veterinarians large number of various vaccines – monovalent (provides immunity against a single pathogen) and polyvalent (containing antigens of pathogens of several diseases simultaneously). Comprehensive vaccine allows the animal to develop immunity for a shorter period of time than turn-based scheme of vaccination.
Although step-by-step many experts believe is more effective, against each disease produces a powerful immune system. But whichever way vaccinations you choose, remember that the key to any vaccine guarantees protection of your pet, lack of complications and ease of use. Correctly and timely vaccination will help to avoid many problems. Puppies are vaccinated the first time at the age of four to five weeks, then two weeks later, revaccination is carried out, and in a week or two – rabies vaccination. At the age of six months and one year the owner again needs to visit with the puppy to the vet for vaccination. Adult animals are vaccinated once a year, breaks are not allowed. Active immunity in vaccinated animal will develop no earlier than 10 days after the date of introduction of the drug. Therefore, for this period it is necessary to exclude communication with other four-legged and to maintain the quarantine: carefully watch, that the dog or cat is not SuperCool, not a long walk (kids shouldn’t withdraw to the street without vaccination). All information about conducted vaccination recorded in the veterinary passport, which is issued by a doctor indicating the type of vaccine, date of vaccination and rooms to journal of vaccination. This is especially important if you and your pet are planning to participate in exhibitions, to travel around the country or abroad, to leave the city to the country.
1. The vaccine is administered only to clinically healthy animals.
2. 10 days before vaccination it is necessary to conduct deworming as the worms secrete toxins that weaken the immune system and make the vaccine ineffective.
3. Vaccination (especially the first) should be done only by a professional veterinarian at the clinic, since it is possible such negative effects of vaccines, as various allergic reactions up to severe conditions of anaphylactic shock. Therefore, for the prevention and protection from these effects prior to inoculation apply some protivogistaminnye drugs (diphenhydramine, suprastin, tavegil).
Rabies – an acute viral disease of animals and humans, characterized by signs of polioencephalomalacia (inflammation of the brain) and absolute mortality. The tank and the main sources of the causative agent of rabies are wild carnivores, dogs and cats. Given the nature of the reservoir of the pathogen distinguish outbreaks of urban and natural types. The most dangerous urban type, as in the course of the disease wedged main distributors of the disease the street animals living on the territory of the city. Infection of humans and animals occurs through direct contact with the source of the causative agent of rabies through the bite or licks or damaged skin or external mucous membranes. The territory of the Smolensk region permanently affected with rabies. Therefore, prophylactic annually scheduled mandatory anti-rabies vaccination of the entire population of dogs and cats in the city of Smolensk. Owners of dogs and cats shall bear responsibility established by the Federal Law “On veterinary medicine” for the health of their animals, including a vaccination against rabies. The decrease in the number of street dogs and cats on the streets along with the vaccination against rabies is the basis for the prevention of rabies