Leptospirosis is a zooantroponoznyh natural focal infection home, fishing, many species of wild animals and humans.
Leptospirosis sick of large horned cattle, pigs, horses, sheep, goats, deer, dogs, foxes, Arctic foxes and animals of other species. The pathogen Leptospira are released from the body of the sick animal and infect microporosity water, feed, pastures, soil, litter, and other environmental media through which healthy animals become infected. Among these factors of transmission water way is the main. Animals become infected by drinking place, eating the corpses of rodents or feed by infected urine of these rodents. Perhaps intrauterine infection in cattle, sheep and pigs. Proved the possibility of transmission through sexual contact.
Sources and reservoirs of pathogenic leptospires are both agricultural and wild animals. They excrete the pathogen into the environment in different ways: urine, feces, milk, semen, through the lungs, with expirations from the genitals.
Leptospira penetrate into the human or animal body via damaged skin (scratches, cuts, wounds, bites),nasal and oral mucous membranes, eyes, genital tract and through the digestive tract. The disease occurs at any time of the year.
People can become infected with leptospirosis while swimming in shallow stagnant water contaminated with Leptospira, when using water for washing, drinking, washing, etc. the Rural population often gets sick during the hayfields, fields and harvest. There are cases of hunters, fishermen, cattle breeders, veterinary workers, workers of slaughterhouses and meat processing plants, deratization, zoologists, etc.
Leptospira enter the human body in different ways: through broken skin mucous membranes gastrointestinal, respiratory and genital tracts, the conjunctiva. In the temperate zone the disease is recorded more often in June-August.
Clinically leptospirosis is characterized by a sudden onset of fever(38,5-40*C), flushing of the face and fauces, injection of the vessels of the conjunctiva, stiff neck and chills. After a few days the skin appears polymorphic rash, felt severe pain in thigh and calf muscles. Develop General weakness, jaundice, significant headache, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting. The liver is enlarged.
FMD – ostrobramskaya viral disease of domestic and wild cloven-hoofed animals characterized by fever and aphthous lesions of the mucous membrane of the mouth, skin, and extremities.
Possibly benign and malignant manifestation of FMD. The incubation period lasts from 36 hours to 7 days. Symptoms: fever, increased heart rate, reddening of the oral mucosa, disturbance of the gum, reducing the milk and swelling of the Corolla hooves.
To prevent this disease on the territory of Muezersky district is forbidden to bring animals without the consent of the veterinary service. Do not buy meat products from questionable sellers that have not undergone veterinary examination. Let’s be vigilant – the disease is dangerous for humans!
Trichinosis is acute parasitic disease of humans and other mammals, caused by Trichinella is very small, threadlike round worm (1,2 – 4 mm long).
In vivo trichinosis occurs in pigs, dogs, cats, brown bears, wild boars, foxes, rodents, etc. carnivorous and omnivorous animals. In the home contamination of pigs can occur from eating trichina amazed by the corpses of rats, mice and other animals, contaminated animal waste from the slaughterhouse, carcasses of hunted animals. A person gets sick by eating the meat of wild and domestic pigs and other animals infected with Trichinella.
Adult trichinae, getting into the intestine of a person (or animal) that live about 5-6 weeks. Each female over this period highlights a few thousand live larvae, which penetrate into the blood circulation, spread throughout the body and penetrate striated muscle, except heart muscle . The most intensively affects the muscles of the diaphragm, esophagus, tongue, masseter, intercostal muscles of the flexors of the extremities, the muscles of the eyeball. There the larvae develop, increase, become covered by a capsule and impregnated with salts. In this state they can last up to 10 years or more, while maintaining its viability. Incubation (latent) period with an incidence of trichinosis is from 1 to 40 days or more.
The first signs of the disease may manifest as fever, edema of face (especially eyelids), nausea, abdominal pain. Subsequently developed severe pain in the muscles. Sometimes it may appear finely granular rash on the body. For those with severe forms of the disease may be fatal.
– buy and eat only meat that passed veterinary-sanitary expertise. Under current sanitary -veterinary law, all carcasses of pigs, wild boars and other wild animals are natural carriers of trichinosis to the production of food must be subjected to study. – it should be remembered that even after careful heat treatment, freezing, salting and Smoking of Trichinella larvae do not die. – upon detection of at least one Trichinella meat, internal organs of animals infected with larvae of Trichinella, only subject to disposal held
So, if you or your family were eating pork and other meat listed above products that are not passed veterinary-sanitary examination, and found the appearance of the described symptoms, immediately consult a doctor! Depends on your health and the health of your loved ones.